India is a large country with diverse cultures
and climatic patterns, thus different areas have their own
set of medical problems. An effort has been made to deal with
those problems which are very common and can happen anywhere.
Few things should always be kept in mind before undertaking
a long journey:
- Traveler should always consult her/his personal physician
before undertaking the journey and s/he should always carry
the medicines prescribed.
- If the person is advised precautionary vaccinations or
medicines before the start of the journey, s/he should follow
the instructions strictly.
- If the person is on any routine medicines, s/he should
have adequate stock of medicines with her/him (at least
2 weeks of extra stock apart from the duration of journey)
along with the prescription by the physician.
- The medicines given in the list are for emergency use
only. A doctor should be consulted at the earliest opportunity.
- Dosage given in the list is for adult patients. The thumb
rule for children is 12 years and above adult dose, 6-12
half of adult dose, 3 - 6 one fourth of adult dose, but
dosage may differ according the weight/size of the infant.
Tablets or syrups according to age
- Tab Paracetamol or Nimesulide
- Tab Dicyclomine ( 20 mg ) or Meftal Spas
- Tab Cetrizine (10mg)
- Tab Ibuprofen (400mg)
- Syr Milk of Magnesia
- Tab Roxithromycin (150mg) or Cap Amoxycillin (150mg)
- Ciprofloxacin / Tinidazole combination drugs
- ORS Packets – 2/3
- Tab Domperidone or Tab Metoclopromide 10mg
- Antibiotic ointment/cream for wounds
- Bandaid / gauze
- Mosquito repellent cream
- Calamine lotion
- Crepe bandage
- Anti inflammatory/pain killer ointment (like Voveron)
for external use.
Simple Injuries Wounds
• The wound should be cleaned with an antiseptic
• Dressing should be done with antiseptic cream
• Doctor should be consulted for internal injuries
Cold compress on the area affected
• Pain killer like Ibuprofen 400 mg, three times a day
• Crepe bandage to be applied lightly to immobilise the
joint for one to two days.
Symptoms- Diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea,
vomiting and maybe feverTreatment
- Adequate fluid replacement in form of juices, soups,
glucose and electrolyte drinks (Common trade brands Walyte
Milk and milk products to be avoided.
- Tab Ciprofloxacin/Tinidazole combination (Cifran-CT/Ciplox
T2) should be taken twice a day.
Causes can be a variety of medical or surgical
- Depends on the cause but for colic pains (due to GI infections,
gall bladder stone, kidney/ovo-urinary stones).
- Tab Meftal Spas 2 tabs – and can be repeated after
6 hours, but consultation with physician is essential.
Symptoms fretfulness, loss of appetite,
intermittent abdominal pain, distension
- Lactose solution 15 to 20 ml at night or
- Syrup Magnesium Sulphate 15 to 20 ml at night
Causes - acidity, food poisoning, dehydration
due to heat, travel sickness
- Patient should take frequent sips of ORS/cold water.
- Avoid heavy meals before traveling to avoid motion sickness.
- Tab. Domperidone (Domstal) 10mg , 3 times a day
Tab. Maxeron/Reglan 10mg, 3 times a day.
- To prevent motion sickness Tab. Cyclizine or Stugil ½
an hour before starting journey.
Causes- vomiting, diarrhea, fluid loss due
- ORS one glass of water + 1 pinch of common salt + 1 tsp
of sugar + 10 drops of lime juice.
- Common brands of ORS Electral / Walyte
- Burnt area to be kept under running cold water avoid ice
- Do not puncture the bullae.
- Apply silver or soframycin ointment.
- Cover with sterile dressing.
- Tab. Paracetamol 500mg, 6 hrs if there is pain
Mosquito and Insect Bites
- Tab. Cetzine 10 mg, once a day.
- Topical application of calamine lotion.
- Pain killer Ibuprofen 100 mg if required
Any temperature greater than 37.7 deg. C
- Hydrotherapy and rest.
- Tab. Paracetamol (common trade names Crocin, Calpol)
500 – 1000 mg 6 to 8 hrly or
- Tab Ibuprofen 400-600mg 8 hrly (common trade name Brufen).
- Antibiotics/Antibacterial are to be given only after
Fever in Children
- Syrup Paracetamol 15mg/kg dose can be repeated 6 hourly.
- Syrup Ibuprofen 10mg/kg. 1 dose can be repeated at 6
Symptoms - Pain in the throat, aggravation
or swelling with congested feeling, fever
- Take plenty of fluids.
- Take rest.
- Take warm saline gargles.
- Tab. Roxithromycin150mg, twice a day for 5 days.
- Common drugs – Roxid, Roxeplin or Cap. Mox 500mg
3 times a day.
- Tab Paracetamol 500mg 3 times a day for fever and body
A cold is the most common acute viral infection. Allergies
may be triggered by many allergens.
Symptoms - running or blocked nose, general
bodyache with fever and irritation of throat
- Tab. Cetzine (Zyrtec, Cetzine) 10mg once a day for 5
- Tab. Paracetamol 500mg 3-4 times a day.
- In case of nasal obstruction - Epsedrine 0.75% nasal
drops 3 times per day in each nostril.